Physokentia petiolata (Burret) D.Fuller, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83: 208 (1999)

Primary tabs

http://media.e-taxonomy.eu/palmae/photos/palm_tc_155743_2.jpg

Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)

Biology And Ecology

Conservation

Description

  • Trunk erect, to 8 m tall, 10 cm diam., green, with irregular leaf scars, with a cone of prickly stilt roots to 1 m long, ca. 4 cm diam., reddish. Leaves pinnate, 8-10 in crown, stiffly spreading to ascending; sheaths forming a prominent crownshaft to 50 cm long, thickened at base, olive-green, sometimes pink flushed to red toward base; petiole to 22 cm long; pinnae 25-35 per side, dull green, once ribbed, acute with decurved margins, to 70 X 4 cm. Inflorescence infrafoliar, to 50 cm long, branched to three orders, red in bud becoming green in fruit. Flowers in spirally arranged triads, with triads along proximal half, sometimes to distal portions; staminate flowers to 5 mm long; petals 3, deep rose-red; stamens 6 with white anthers; pistillode trifid; pistillate flowers to 5 mm long; petals dark rose-red; sepals strongly imbricate. Fruit globose, to 2 cm diam., dark red at maturity; endocarp angled, keeled and longitudinally ridged. Seed same shape as fruit, 1.2 cm long, 1 cm diam. Eophyll pinnate. (D. Fuller, The lost palm of Fiji – a resolution of Goniocladus and a preliminary cladistic analysis of Physokentia. 1999)A

Materials Examined

  • Additional specimens examined: Fiji: Viti Levu: Ba Province: Vuninatabua, Navai, 750-900 m, 4 Feb-26 Mar 1941, Degener 14792 (A, K, BISH, UC, US); Ridge from Mt. Namana (E of Nadarivatu) toward Mt. Tomanivi (Mt. Victoria), 1050-1120 m, dense forest, 18 Aug 1947, Smith 5700 (A, K, BISH, US). Nadroga & Navosa Province: Nad-rua, in forest, 750-900 m, 4 Feb-26 Mar 1941, Degener 14893 (A, K, BISH); Forest at Taunaisali on central plateau between headwaters of the Wainimala and Sigatoka Rivers [type locality of Goniocladus petiolatus Burret], c. 3800 ft, 9-10 Sep 1972, Moore et al. 10008 (BH, SUVA); Rairai-matuku Plateau [type location of Goniocladus petiolatus], 1100 m, Jul 1995, Masitoqi s.n. (SUVA). Naitasiri Province: Monasavu area, 17°45.706'S, 178°00.357'E, 1190 m, 11 Mar 1995, Fuller 169 (CAS, SUVA); Monasavu area, 1100+ m, 30 Sep 1995, Fuller 276, 278 (SUVA); Monasavu area, 17°45.706'S, 178°00.357'E, 1190 m, 1 Oct 1995, Fuller 281 (SUVA, US); Ra Province: Nadarivatu, Lom-alagi, South ridge, 3000 ft, dense shade, moist forest, 19 Oct 1969, Anderson s.n. (BISH). (D. Fuller, The lost palm of Fiji – a resolution of Goniocladus and a preliminary cladistic analysis of Physokentia. 1999)A