Daemonorops jenkinsiana (Griff.) Mart., Hist. Nat. Palm. 3: 327 (1853)

Primary tabs

http://media.e-taxonomy.eu/palmae/photos/palm_tc_55749_3.jpg

Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Assampresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Bangladeshpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Cambodiapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
China Southeastpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
East Himalayapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Hainanpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Myanmarpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Philippinespresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Taiwanpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Thailandpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Vietnampresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
INDIA (West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya), BANGLADESH, BHUTAN. (S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992)A

Biology And Ecology

Common Name

Uses

Description

  • High climbing rattan; stem with lealshcath 3 - 4 cm in diameter; intemodes 15-20 cm long, longitudinally striatc. Leaves cirrate; leafblade excluding cirrus to 3 m long; leafsheath pale yellow to yellowish green, covered with brown scurf and armed with thin flattened, deep brown to blackish needle-like spines in series or scattered; petiole 15 - 20 cm long, 5 cm broad at widest part; scurfy outside, flat to slightly convex above, armed below with strong digitate claws and straight spines at margins; leaflets equidistant, alternate to suboppos-ite; largest leaflets little above the base, 40 - 50 cm long or in some vigorous specimens 50 - 70 cm long, 2 - 4 cm broad at widest part; ultimate leaflets rudimentary. Inflorescence sub-axillary or inserted above the mouth of their sheaths, not very broadly fusiform after opening; peduncle 3 - 6 cm long; outer bract tapering into a long beak, reddish to reddish brown in colour. Flower branches densely scurfy at base. Male flowers oblong in bud, 5 x 2.5 mm; calyx cupular, hairy at tips; corolla with 3-obIanceolate petals; stamens 6, anthers subulate, connate and thickened at base. Rachillae in female inflorescence upto 8 cm long, sinuous; female flowers 6 - 7 in number on each side; each 5 - 5.5 mm long; calyx cupular, truncate; corolla distinctly veined, with deeply divided lanceolate petals; ovary ovoid to globose, stigmas 3, pappillose inside. Fruit globose, 1.8 cm in diameter; fruit scales in 18 longitudinal series, yellowish brown in colour with distinct darker marginal lines; seed globose, about 10mm in diameter, minutely pitted; pits filled with dark subresinous substances; endosperm ruminate. (S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992)A

Cultivation