Desmoncus cirrhifera A.H.Gentry & Zardini, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 76: 1436 (1989)

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Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Colombiapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)C
Ecuadorpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)C
Panamápresent (Henderson, A., A revision of Desmoncus (Arecaceae) in Phytotaxa 35. 2011)B
From 9°24'N-1°27'S and 75°05'-79°84'W in central and eastern Panama, western Colombia, and western Ecuador at 180(1-700) m elevation in wet, lowland rainforest, sometimes in disturbed areas (Henderson, A., A revision of Desmoncus (Arecaceae) in Phytotaxa 35. 2011)B

W Colombia and Ecuador, in tropical and pre-montane moist and wet forest up to 900 m elevation. (Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador)A

Discussion

  • The species is easily recognised by the long tail at the apex the leaflets (Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador)A
  • Subspecific variation:-There is a gap in the distribution of this species, in southern Colombia. Although this may be an artifact of insufficient collecting, specimens from Ecuador appear larger than those from Colombia and Panama. However, there are too few data to test for differences. (Henderson, A., A revision of Desmoncus (Arecaceae) in Phytotaxa 35. 2011)B

Description

  • Subcanopy reaching liana. Stems clustered, to 10 m long, 1-2 cm in diameter. Leaves 1-2 m long; rachis in adult plants armed with numerous short, recurved spines used in climbing; pinnae 5-9 on each side, regularly spaced, elliptic, thin, nearly glabrous, to 20 cm long and 7 cm wide, distally extended into an up to 10 cm long filament; distal part of the leaf axis with a few pairs of pinnae transformed into climbing hooks. Inflorescence 30-50 cm long; branches 15-20, each 15-20 cm long. Fruits yellow to red, elongate, 1.5-2.5 cm long. (Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador)A
  • Plants 11.0(3.0-20.0) m tall; stems 2.0(1.2-3.0) cm diameter, clustered. Leaf petioles 10.8(7.0-16.5) cm long; rachises 105.3(91.0-117.0) cm long, 6.0(4.0-8.1) mm wide, the spines usually <1 cm long, mostly abaxial, recurved with markedly swollen bases; pinnae 9(7-15) per side of rachis, with long, filiform apices, without a beard of spines at the bases, without spinules or dense tomentum at the bases adaxially; basal pinna 19.4(17.0-21.0) cm long, 4.2(2.5-6.0) cm wide; cirri poorly-developed, the rachis terminating in a short cirrus, acanthophylls absent but some small, acanthophyll-like pinnae present, with many, usually paired spines. Inflorescences with the rachis angular, slightly twisted, thicker than the few to numerous, closely spaced and spirally arranged rachillae, each rachilla not (or very rarely) adnate to the rachis, subtended by an acute bracteole and with a well-developed axillary pulvinus; peduncles 5.4(3.3-7.1) mm wide; peduncular bracts 22.5 cm long, broad, ribbed or ridged, densely covered with felty, reddish-brown tomentum, sparsely covered with short, scarcely swollen-based, diagonally oriented, flattened spines, whitish-brown proximally, brown distally, with tomentose margins; rachillae 24(19-33), tomentose initially; proximal rachillae 6.0(4.0- 8.0) cm long, 1.7(1.4-2.0) mm wide; stamens 6; fruits 18.2(14.3-20.9) mm long, 13.4(9.8-15.7) mm wide, the surfaces uneven with numerous, subepidermal, short, often branching (Y-shaped) fibers; fruiting corollas less than one quarter as long as fruits, splitting irregularly into 3 lobes, the lobes often splitting again; endocarps globose to obovoid with rounded or slightly peaked apices, the pores lateral. (Henderson, A., A revision of Desmoncus (Arecaceae) in Phytotaxa 35. 2011)B

Use Record

  • Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini: Artesanía. (...). Como elementos de artesanía femenina, se destacan entre los AWA (...), las escobas de pambil (Socratea exorrhiza (Mart.) H. A. Wendl.), canastos de Yare (...) y Matamba (Desmoncus chirriferus Gentry & Zardini),(...). (González, M.S., Flora utilizada por los Awa de Albi con énfasis en especies medicinales-estudio de Botánica Económica-. 1994 (as Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticNot specifiedIndigenousAwáColombia
  • Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini: Artesanía. Estípite. (García Cossio, F., Y.A. Ramos, J.C. Palacios, and A. Ríos, La familia Arecaceae, recurso promisorio para la economía en el Departamento del Chocó. 2002 (as Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Utensils and ToolsOtherStemNot identifiedN/AColombia
  • Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini: Cestería. Tallo (Cerón, C.E., and C. Montalvo, Reserva Biológica Limoncocha. Formaciones vegetales, Diversidad y Etnobotánica.. 2000 (as Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticStemIndigenousAwáEcuador
  • Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini: Con el estípite se elaboran objetos artesanales. (Pino, N., and H. Valois, Ethnobotany of Four Black Communities of the Municipality of Quibdo, Choco - Colombia.. 2004 (as Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Utensils and ToolsOtherStemAfro-AmericanoN/AColombia
  • Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini: Desmoncus cirrhifera is one of the most utilized palm species of the Pacific coast region of Colombia. It is used to make nets and shrimp traps (catangas) in the Bahía Malaga and Río San Juan delta areas (sub Gentry et al. 53392) and is prized by the Chocó Indians at Taparalito and Docordó who make their strongest baskets from it. (Gentry, A., New species and a new combination for plants from trans-Andean South America. 1988 (as Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingNot specifiedNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticNot specifiedIndigenousNot specifiedColombia
  • Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini: From the flexible stems of the matamba (Desmoncus cirrhiferus), used to construct cradles, to the corpulent stipes of the barrigona ( Dictyocarium lamarkianum), which are used as coffins, palms are forever present in human life in the jungle. (Bernal, R., Demography of the Vegetable Ivory Palm Phytelephas seemannii in Colombia, and the Impact of Seed Harvesting. 1998 (as Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticStemNot identifiedN/AColombia
  • Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini: Numerosos utensilios de la casa son también fabricados con palmas: las cunas en las que se arrullan los niños son tejidas con los tallos flexibles de la matamba (Desmoncus cirrhiferus); los canastos en los que se guardan las pertenencias y los abanicos con los que se aviva el fuego se fabrican con fibras de los pecíolos del antá; las escobas se hacen con los cogollos del amargo. (…). También los implementos de caza y pesca se fabrican con palmas: las cerbatanas o bodoqueras se elaboran con los tallos de las especies de Catoblastus y Wettinia; las catangas, o trampas para pescar, se construyen con matamba y chacarrá; con las semillas de la tagua se fabricaban antiguamente unos pitos eficientes para atraer a los animales de caza. (Bernal, R., and G. Galeano, Las palmas del andén Pacífico.. 1993 (as Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingNot specifiedIndigenousNot specifiedColombia
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticStemIndigenousNot specifiedColombia
  • Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini: Tallo. (IIAP, Investigación aplicada e implementación de buenas prácticas para el aprovechamiento y transformación sostenible de materias primas vegetales de uso artesanal en los Departamentos de Valle y Chocó. 2008 (as Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Utensils and ToolsOtherStemAfro-AmericanoN/AColombia
  • Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini: The stems are used for making fish traps called catanga and baskets. Raw fruis are edible. (Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador (as Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/AEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticStemNot identifiedN/AEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingStemNot identifiedN/AEcuador
  • Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini: Uso Artesanal. El tallo usaban antiguamente para hacer lanzas. (Cerón, C.E., C. Montalvo, A. Calazacón et al., Etnobotánica Tsáchila, Pichincha-Ecuador. 2004 (as Desmoncus cirrhiferus A.H.Gentry & Zardini))
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingStemIndigenousTsáchilaEcuador

Bibliography

    A. Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador
    B. Henderson, A., A revision of Desmoncus (Arecaceae) in Phytotaxa 35. 2011
    C. World Checklist of Arecaceae