Calamus pandanosmus Furtado, Gard. Bull. Singapore 15: 217 (1956)

Primary tabs

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Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Borneopresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Malayapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Sumaterapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Thailandpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Known from a single population from G Pueh, 1st Division. Elsewhere known from two collections in Sabah, and a few collections from Peninsular Malaysia, S Thailand and Sumatra. (J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Sarawak. 1992)A

Discussion

  • C. pandanosmus was collected in hill dipterocarp forest on G Pueh at 500 m altitude. The bulbous swellings on the sheath, the form of the leaf and the curious large flowers serve to distinguish it. (J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Sarawak. 1992)A

Common Name

  • wi banying Selak. (J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Sarawak. 1992)A

Etymology

  • Smelling of pandan, Pandanus amaryllifolius) (J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Sarawak. 1992)A

Uses

  • None known. (J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Sarawak. 1992)A

Description

  • Clustering slender rattan climbing to 15 m; stem without sheaths c. 6 mm diam., with sheaths to c. 10 mm diam., internodes c. 12 cm. All parts drying dark brown. Sheath dark green armed with scattered bulbous swellings, some ending in minute spines, pale brown indumentum also scattered over the sheath surface; knee conspicuous, often with an annular swelling below it; ocrea inconspicuous. Flagellum to 80 cm. Leaf ecirrate and lacking a petiole, the whole to 45 cm, with c. 8 leaflets on each side of the rachis, the terminal pair joined for at least 114 their length, other leaflets somewhat irregularly arranged, leaflets dark green, faintly pandan-scented when crushed, the longest to 25 x 3 cm. Inflorescence to 1 m, with up to 8 curving partial inflorescences, each with curving rachillae. Flowers relatively large, to 4 mm, sweetly fragrant, pollen orange. Mature fruit somewhat oblate, to 17 x 19 mm, covered in 23 vertical rows of pale brown scales. Seed c. 10 mm diam., endosperm deeply ruminate. Seedling leaf not known (Fig. 79). (J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Sarawak. 1992)A

Bibliography

    A. J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Sarawak. 1992
    B. World Checklist of Arecaceae