Geonoma bernalii A.J.Hend., Phytotaxa 17: 38 (2011)

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Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
From 6°05-6°07'N and 75°00-75°02'W on the eastern slopes of the Central Cordillera in Colombia (Antioquia) at 1105(1010-1200) m elevation in montane rainforest. (Henderson, A.J. (2011) A revision of Geonoma. Phytotaxa 17: 1-271.)A

Discussion

  • Taxonomic notes:The two specimens examined have been previously determined as Geonoma leptospadix. They bear a superficial resemblance to that species but differ in their alternately arranged flower pits, not hood-shaped proximal lips, and cupular proximal and distal lips. Geonoma bernalii is similar to several species in the G. lanata clade. It differs from these in its prophylls not short and asymmetrically apiculate, and fruit surfaces not bumpy and not apiculate.

    Subspecific variation:The only trait to vary between the two specimens examined is stem branching. On both specimens pinnate leaves were measured, but one specimen also has undivided leaves present. (Henderson, A.J. (2011) A revision of Geonoma. Phytotaxa 17: 1-271.)A

Description

  • Plants 1.3 m tall; stems 1.5 m tall, 0.5 cm in diameter, solitary or clustered, cane-like; internodes 1.7 (1.0-2.3) cm long, yellowish and smooth. Leaves 8 per stem, undivided or irregularly pinnate, not plicate, bases of blades running diagonally into the rachis; sheaths 6.3 (6.0-6.5) cm long; petioles 5.8 (2.0-9.5) cm long, drying green or yellowish; rachis 13.3 (12.5-14.1) cm long, 1.6(1.3-1.9) mm in diameter; veins not raised or slightly raised and triangular in cross-section adaxially; pinnae 3 per side of rachis; basal pinna 9.8 (9.0-10.5) cm long, 1.4 (1.2-1.6) cm wide, forming an angle of 41(37-44)° with the rachis; apical pinna 7.0(6.0-8.0) cm long, 5.2(4.2-6.2) cm wide, forming an angle of 36(33-38)° with the rachis. Inflorescences branched 1 order; prophylls and peduncular bracts not ribbed with elongate, unbranched fibers, flattened, persistent; prophylls 5.3(4.8-5.7) cm long, not short and asymmetrically apiculate, the surfaces not ridged, without unequally wide ridges; peduncular bracts 4.5 cm long, well-developed, inserted 0.6 cm above the prophyll; peduncles 6.6 (6.4-6.7) cm long, 1.5 (1.4-1.6) mm in diameter; rachillae 4 (3-4), 4.3 (4.1-4.4) cm long, 1.3 (1.1-1.5) mm in diameter, the surfaces without spiky, fibrous projections or ridges, drying brown with faint to pronounced, short, transverse ridges, filiform with extended narrowed sections between the flower pits; flower pits alternately arranged (sometimes distorted by twisting and contracting of rachillae), glabrous internally; proximal lips without a central notch before anthesis, not recurved after anthesis, not hood-shaped; proximal and distal lips drying the same color as the rachillae, joined to form a raised cupule, the margins not overlapping; distal lips well-developed; staminate and pistillate petals not emergent, not valvate throughout; staminate flowers deciduous after anthesis; stamens 6; thecae diverging at anthesis, inserted almost directly onto the filament apices, the connectives bifid but scarcely developed; anthers short and curled over at anthesis; non-fertilized pistillate flowers deciduous after anthesis; staminodial tubes crenulate or shallowly lobed at the apex, those of non-fertilized flowers not projecting and persistent after anthesis; fruits 6.0 mm long, 6.2 mm in diameter, the bases without a prominent, asymmetric stipe, the apices not conical, the surfaces not splitting at maturity, without fibers emerging, not bumpy and not apiculate; locular epidermis without operculum, smooth, without pores. (Henderson, A.J. (2011) A revision of Geonoma. Phytotaxa 17: 1-271.)A