Calamus kebariensis Maturb., J.Dransf. & W.J.Baker in Phytotaxa 163(4). 2014

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Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Irian Jayapresent (R.A. Maturbongs, J. Dransfield & W.J. Baker - Calamus kebariensis (Arecaceae) - a new montane rattan from New Guinea in Phytotaxa. 2014)A
Known only from two collections from Mt. Nutoti in the Kebar Valley, Bird's Head Peninsula. (R.A. Maturbongs, J. Dransfield & W.J. Baker - Calamus kebariensis (Arecaceae) - a new montane rattan from New Guinea in Phytotaxa. 2014)A

Habitat

  • Lower montane forest in deep shade, in rich, organic soil, 1240-1500 m, with Lithocarpus Blume, Eugenia P.Micheli ex L., and Litsea Lam. species. (R.A. Maturbongs, J. Dransfield & W.J. Baker - Calamus kebariensis (Arecaceae) - a new montane rattan from New Guinea in Phytotaxa. 2014)A

Discussion

  • During fieldwork in the Bird's Head Peninsula of West Papua, Indonesia, a team involving counterparts from the State University of Papua, Herbarium Bogoriense and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew made many records of palms, especially rattans in the genus Calamus Linnaeus (1753: 325). One poorly collected locality, Mt. Nutoti in the Kebar Valley, yielded about nine species of Calamus growing in montane vegetation. After extensive morphological comparisons in key herbaria (A, BH, BM, BO, BRI, CANB, L, LAE, K, MAN, MEL, NY, WRSL; acronyms following Thiers 2013) during taxonomic work for the Palms of New Guinea project (Baker 2002), the authors have found that one of these species is new to science and is described here. (R.A. Maturbongs, J. Dransfield & W.J. Baker - Calamus kebariensis (Arecaceae) - a new montane rattan from New Guinea in Phytotaxa. 2014)A
  • This species was discovered by the first author during fieldwork on Mt. Nutoti in the Kebar Valley, ca. 120 km west of Manokwari. Like C. spanostachys Baker & Dransfield (2014: 181) from the Sudirman Mountains, which it resembles most closely, C. kebariensis is extremely slender, short-stemmed, lacks flagella or cirri, and bears a short, erect inflorescence, that is branched to only one order in pistillate material. We have not yet seen staminate specimens. Calamus kebariensis differs from this species most markedly in its leaves, which are finely pinnate with up to 16 regularly arranged leaflets per side with scattered bristles on margins and adaxial surface (compared to the 2 or 3, largely glabrous leaflet pairs of C. spanostachys). The sheaths of C. kebariensis are also almost entirely unarmed except for the short, bristly ocrea, which is lacking in C. spanostachys. There is also some resemblance between C. kebariensis and C. cuthbertsonii Beccari (1888: 179) from Papua New Guinea, though the latter is more robust with densely spiny leaf sheaths and larger inflorescences that are branched to two orders in pistillate material.
    Since the discovery of this species, we have visited several montane areas in New Guinea, such as the Arfak Mountains close to Mt. Nutoti, the Tamrau Mountains, the Wondiwoi Mountains, Lake Habema close to Mt. Trikora, the Star Mountains, the Cyclops Mountains and the Mt. Jaya region, but have not seen or collected any rattan that resembles the species described here. (R.A. Maturbongs, J. Dransfield & W.J. Baker - Calamus kebariensis (Arecaceae) - a new montane rattan from New Guinea in Phytotaxa. 2014)A

Diagnosis

  • Distinguished by its extremely slender, short stems, which lack flagella, the finely pinnate, ecirrate leaves, the almost entirely unarmed leaf sheaths and the short, erect inflorescence, that is branched to only one order in pistillate material. (R.A. Maturbongs, J. Dransfield & W.J. Baker - Calamus kebariensis (Arecaceae) - a new montane rattan from New Guinea in Phytotaxa. 2014)A

Common Name

  • Ibuam (Mpur). (R.A. Maturbongs, J. Dransfield & W.J. Baker - Calamus kebariensis (Arecaceae) - a new montane rattan from New Guinea in Phytotaxa. 2014)A

Uses

  • None recorded. (R.A. Maturbongs, J. Dransfield & W.J. Baker - Calamus kebariensis (Arecaceae) - a new montane rattan from New Guinea in Phytotaxa. 2014)A

Description

  • Very slender, clustering rattan, erect, to 1.5 m. Stem with sheaths 3-5 mm diam., without sheaths 1.5-3.5 mm diam.; internodes 4-10.5 cm. Leaf ecirrate to 36 cm long including petiole; sheath green, with thin, patchy indumentum of brown, caducous scales, unarmed or very sparsely armed with minute spines along zone of adnation between inflorescence and sheath; knee 6.5-9 mm long, inconspicuous, unarmed; ocrea to 5 mm high, scarcely developed, tightly sheathing, densely armed with fine brown bristles, with brown indumentum similar to that of the sheath; flagellum absent in available material; petiole 4-10 cm, 1.5-2mm wide and 1-2 mm thick at base, with scattered brown indumentum similar to that of the sheath, unarmed; rachis 9.5-16 cm, straight, with few, minute, reflexed spines on abaxial surface; leaflets 10?16 each side of rachis, regularly arranged, narrowly elliptic to linear, longest leaflets at mid-leaf position, mid-leaf leaflets 6.5-9 × 0.4-1 cm, apical leaflets 7-7.5 × 0.4-0.5 cm, apical leaflet pair not or scarcely united at base, with fine spines on margin and adaxial surface of major veins to 3 mm long, indumentum similar to that of the sheath present at leaflet base, transverse veinlets conspicuous. Staminate inflorescence not seen. Staminate flowers not seen. Pistillate inflorescence erect, 12-16 cm long including 2.5-9 cm peduncle and 2-3.5 cm flagelliform tip, branched to 1 order; prophyll 2.5-5 × 0.2-0.3 cm, strictly tubular, tightly sheathing, opening asymmetrically at apex, with brown indumentum similar to that of the sheath, very sparsely armed with minute recurved spines, sometimes with fine bristles around bract opening; peduncular bracts 0 or 1, peduncular and rachis bracts 1.5-3 × 0.2-0.3 cm, similar to prophyll; primary branches (=rachillae) 3-5, 2-3 cm apart; rachillae 12-42 mm × 1-3 mm, straight; rachilla bracts 2-4 × 1.5-3 mm, distichous, with indumentum similar to that of the sheath; proximal floral bracteole 1.5-3 × 1.5-2.5 mm, distal floral bracteole 1-2.5 × 1-2 mm, cup-shaped, with indumentum similar to that of the sheath. Pistillate flowers 2-2.2 × 1.2 mm in early bud, lacking indumentum; calyx 1.2 mm diam., tubular in basal 1.5 mm, with 3 lobes to 0.5-0.8 × 1-1.5 mm; corolla 2-2.2 × 1 mm, tubular in basal 1 mm, with 3 lobes to 1 × 1.2 mm; staminodes 6, forming membranous ring, 0.7-1 mm high; ovary immature, 1.3-1.5 × 0.6 mm, cylindrical. Sterile staminate flowers not seen. Fruit ellipsoid, 16 × 11 mm including beak 1.5-2 × 1 mm, with 16 longitudinal rows of yellowish scales with brown margins, sarcotesta not seen. Seed (sarcotesta removed) 10 × 8 × 6 mm, ellipsoid, with a shallow pit on one side, seed surface smooth; endosperm homogeneous; embryo basal. (R.A. Maturbongs, J. Dransfield & W.J. Baker - Calamus kebariensis (Arecaceae) - a new montane rattan from New Guinea in Phytotaxa. 2014)A

Materials Examined

  • INDONESIA. West Papua: Kebar, Mt. Nutoti, 1240 m, 5 May 1995, Maturbongs 73 (holotype K!, isotype MAN!); Kebar, Mt. Nutoti, 1500 m, 6 May 1995, Maturbongs 75 (K!, MAN!). (R.A. Maturbongs, J. Dransfield & W.J. Baker - Calamus kebariensis (Arecaceae) - a new montane rattan from New Guinea in Phytotaxa. 2014)A

Bibliography

    A. R.A. Maturbongs, J. Dransfield & W.J. Baker - Calamus kebariensis (Arecaceae) - a new montane rattan from New Guinea in Phytotaxa. 2014