Calamus stoloniferus Renuka, J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 14: 701 (1990)

Primary tabs

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Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Indiapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Evergreen forests at about 85 m. Makkut in Karnataka. (Fig. 6) (C. Renuka, Rattans of the Western Ghats. A Taxonomic Manual.. 1992)A

Biology And Ecology

  • Flowering November - December. Fruiting March - April. (C. Renuka, Rattans of the Western Ghats. A Taxonomic Manual.. 1992)A

Common Name

  • Kannada: Jedubetha. (C. Renuka, Rattans of the Western Ghats. A Taxonomic Manual.. 1992)A

Uses

  • A good quality cane, but not available in sufficient quantities. (C. Renuka, Rattans of the Western Ghats. A Taxonomic Manual.. 1992)A

Description

  • Clustering, stoloniferus, high climbing canes, Stems with sheaths to 3 cm in diameter, without sheaths to 1.2 cm. Sheath green, sparingly spiny, spines to 2 cm long; knee present, devoid of spines; ocrea present in young stages. Leaf to 1.75 m long, ecirrate; petiole 15-85 cm long; rachis spiny, spines to 2.5 cm, distally with recurved spines below; leaflets ca 45 x 3.5 cm, seedling leaflets upto 5.5 cm wide, linear lanceolate, the terminal pair confluent basally, apical 5-6 leaflets crowded together, more obtuse, margin spinescent, 3-5 veined, midvein sparsely ciliate. Inflorescence long, flagellate; primary sheath in male inflorescence expanded into a laminar structure at the mouth, in female inflorescence tapering at the mouth; secondary sheath tightly sheathing, in male produced into a point at one side at the mouth, not spiny; male and female rachillae to 9 cm long, attached at the mouth of the sheath; involucrophorum not stalked; involucre cup-shaped. Fruit, ca 1 cm accross, spherical, scales in 16 rows, not channeled, yellow with brown border. Endosperm not ruminate. (C. Renuka, Rattans of the Western Ghats. A Taxonomic Manual.. 1992)A

Materials Examined

  • Makkut, 14.3.1989. fr. Renuka 4085 (KFRI); 19.2.1984, Vajravelu 77800 (MH). (C. Renuka, Rattans of the Western Ghats. A Taxonomic Manual.. 1992)A

Bibliography

    A. C. Renuka, Rattans of the Western Ghats. A Taxonomic Manual.. 1992
    B. World Checklist of Arecaceae