Prestoea simplicifolia Galeano-Garcés, Brittonia 38: 62 (1986)

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Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Colombiapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Western slope of the Cordillera Occidental in Colombia (Antioquia); forest on steep slopes at 950-1600 m. This area may be a center of endemism - e.g., Wettinia disticha (R. Bernal) R. Bernal, Zamia wallisii Regel - and many Erieaceae are known only from this locality. (Gloria Galeano & A. Henderson, Flora Neotropica Monograph 72)A

Common Name

  • Colombia: lindona. (Gloria Galeano & A. Henderson, Flora Neotropica Monograph 72)A

Uses

  • The leaves are used for thatching. (Gloria Galeano & A. Henderson, Flora Neotropica Monograph 72)A

Description

  • Stems solitary or cespitose, erect, 2-8 m tall, 5-7 cm diam., brown.
    Leaves 4-12, ± erect; sheath open and not forming a crowns haft, persistent, 52-67 cm long, red or light-brown, with yellow to reddish brown scales, fibrous on the margins; petiole 7-10 cm long, with scales like those of sheath; rachis 1.4-1.8 m long, with scales like those of sheath; blade simple, oblongcuneate, bifid at the apex, 1.9-2.5 m long, 58(-90) cm wide, glabrous or with a few, seallered hairs abaxially, with 36-42 prominent primary veins on either side, with poorly developed ramenta on veins abaxially.
    Inflorescences corymbose, interfoliar or infrafoliar, recurved at anthesis; peduncle 48-86 cm long, 1.3-1.5 cm diam., subterete, with reddish brown, appressed scales, glabrescent, curved; prophyll 25-34 cm long, ca. 7 cm diam.; peduncular bract 1-1.6 m long including a 2-3 cm long umbo, 7 cm diam.; rachis 60-69 cm long, with appressed, crusty hairs; rachillae 32-48, to 74 cm long proximally, 2.5-6 mm diam. in fruit, zigzag, covered with very small, brown, branched crustose hairs; flowers in triads almost throughout rachillae, paired or solitary staminate flowers only on distal few cm; triad bracteole apiculate; first triad bracteole low, apiculate, second and third flower bracteoles ± equal , apiculate, 1 mm high; staminate flowers 4-6 mm long, sessile; sepals ovate to ovate-triangular, 1-2 mm long, gibbous, minutely ciliate; petals triangular to lanceolate, 4-5.5 mm long; stamens arranged on a short receptacle; filaments 3 mm long, flattened; anthers 2-3 mm long; pistillode 1.5-2 mm long, deeply trifid apically; pistillate flowers 3-4 mm long; sepals very widely ovate, 3 mm long; petals very widely ovate, 4 mm long; staminodes digitate.
    Fruits globose to subglobose, 0.9-1.4 em diam., the stigmatic remains lateral; epicarp purple-black' at maturity, densely and minutely tuberculate; seeds subglobose, 7-8 mm diam.; endosperm ruminate; eophyll bifid. (Gloria Galeano & A. Henderson, Flora Neotropica Monograph 72)A

Materials Examined

  • COLOMBIA. ANTIOQUIA: Mpio Frontino, corregimiento de Murrí, rd. Nutibara-La Blanquita, Río Cuevas, 950 m, Mar 1984 Restrepo et al. 1 (COL, MEDEL); 18 Feb 1985. Henderson & R. Bernal 140 (COL, NY); ca. 1200 m. 19 Sep 1983. R. Bernal et al. 708 (COL, NY); l600 m. 12 Apr 1987. Sánchez et al. 1077 (COL). (Gloria Galeano & A. Henderson, Flora Neotropica Monograph 72)A

Use Record

  • Prestoea simplicifolia Galeano-Garcés: Las hojas son utilizadas para techar. (Galeano, G., R. Bernal, Palmas del Departamento de Antioquia, Región de Antioquia, Región Occidental. 1987)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafNot identifiedN/AColombia

Bibliography

A. Gloria Galeano & A. Henderson, Flora Neotropica Monograph 72
B. World Checklist of Arecaceae