Calamus nagbettai R.R.Fernald & Dey, Indian Forester 96: 223 (1970)

Primary tabs

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Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Indiapresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
INDIA (Karnataka). Endemic. (S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992)A

Biology And Ecology

  • Infrequent in the moist forest of Kodagu District at 450 m. (S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992)A

Common Name

  • Nag betta, Nag bet, Nag betha. (S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992)A

Uses

  • Cane is strong and durable and used by the local people for making baskets. (S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992)A

Description

  • A robust climber; stem cluster forming, without leafsheath to 3 cm in diameter, smooth, often marked with distinct black blotches near about the base. Leaves curate, with cirrus about 5 m long; cirrus 2.5 m long, armed with 7-8 pointed claws; leafsheath often scurfy outside, armed with 2 - 3 cm long black, flattened, subulate, reflexed spines, intermingled with short bristles; petiole armed with laterally confluent, flat, subulate spines; rachis armed on dorsal side with greyish black hooks and upwardly bent marginal spines; leaflets numerous, ensiform, opposite to sub-opposite or alternate, to 30 cm long, 1.5- 1.7cm broad at middle, filiform at spices, spinulose at margins, prominently 1-nerved at middle, armed on both sides with bulbous based deep brown bristles. Inflorescence non-flagelliform; primary bract armed with reflexed to recurved spines and small claws. Fruits ovoid, oblong, 11-15 mm x 9 mm; fruit scales wedge shaped, in 17 -18 series, channelled at middle, hyaline, lacerated along brown band; seed oblong, piano convex, 9x6 mm, rugose on convex side; endosperm shallowly ruminate. (S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992)A

Materials Examined

  • Karnataka : South Kanara, Coorg, 10.2.1966 Dey 64 (DD); Mangalore, May, 1967, Fernandez 4579 A (DD). (S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992)A

Cultivation

  • Experimental cultivation exists in the Kodagu forest range. (S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992)A

Bibliography

    A. S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992
    B. World Checklist of Arecaceae