Elaeis guineensis Jacq., Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist. : 280 (1763)

Primary tabs

http://media.e-taxonomy.eu/palmae/photos/palm_tc_66337_5.jpg

Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Angola present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Benin present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Bismarck Archipelago present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Burkina present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Burundi present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Cameroon present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Caroline Is. present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Central African Republic present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Chad present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Comoros present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Congo present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Costa Rica present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Fiji present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Gabon present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Ghana present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Guinea present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Ivory Coast present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Kenya present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Liberia present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Madagascar present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Malaya present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Nicaragua present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Nigeria present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Rwanda present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Senegal present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Sierra Leone present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Society Is. present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Sri Lanka present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Sumatera present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Tanzania present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Togo present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Uganda present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Zaire present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Native to W Africa, but planted throughout the tropics for its oil-rich fruits which are a major source of plant oil on a world scale (Hartley, 1977). In Ecuador it is grown in large plantations below 500 m elevation, particularly in the Santo Domingo-Quinind� area. (Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador)A

Discussion

  • Hybrids between this species and Elaeis oleifera are easily made and six hundred hectares have been planted with hybrid individuals in Ecuador (Carri�n & Cuvi, 1985). These plants have an erect stem and regularly inserted pinnae borne in one plane. (Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador)A

Description

  • Canopy palm. Stem solitary, erect, to 10 m tall, ca. 30-50 cm in diameter. Leaves to 5 m long; pinnae 100 or more on each side, inserted in groups and spreading in different planes. Fruits glossy red to black. (Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador)A

Use Record

  • Elaeis guineensis Jacq.: Alimenticio. (Cárdenas, D., C.A. Marín , L.S. Suárez, et al., Plantas útiles en dos comunidades del Departamento de Putumayo. 2002)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodFoodNot specifiedIndigenousHuitotoColombia
  • Elaeis guineensis Jacq.: Alimento. (Cárdenas, D., J.C. Arias, J.A. Vanegas, D.A. Jiménez, O. Vargas,and L. Gómez, Plantas útiles y promisorias en la Comunidad de Wacurabá (Caño Cuduyarí) en el Departamento de Vaupés (Amazonía Colombiana).. 2007)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodFoodNot specifiedIndigenousCubeoColombia
  • Elaeis guineensis Jacq.: De esta palma se extrae un aceite de excelente calidad por lo cual se ha cultivado ampliamente en América.(…). También es utilizada para la elaboración de vinos y construcciones en general. El endocarpo es duro y se utiliza como combustible en las fábricas de aceite o como pavimento en los caminos de las plantaciones. El endospermo se utiliza como alimento de ganado y pollos, las infrutescencias se queman y las cenizas se utilizan como fertilizantes. (Gutiérrez-Vásquez, C.A. and R. Peralta, Palmas comunes de Pando, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia. 2001)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    ConstructionOtherNot specifiedNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Human FoodOilsFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Animal FoodFodderSeedsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    EnvironmentalSoil improversInfructescenceNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    Human FoodBeveragesFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    FuelFirewoodFruitsNot identifiedN/ABolivia
    EnvironmentalAgroforestryEntire plantNot identifiedN/ABolivia
  • Elaeis guineensis Jacq.: El aceite con 4 a 5% de ácidos grasos se utiliza para fabricar margarinas; y los que tienen mayor porcentaje para fabricar jabones. La almendra seca se utiliza en forma semejante a la copra del coco, para la fabricación de jabones y otros productos. La pasta sirve para la alimentación de ganado. Actualmente existe en el mercado aceite de palma (…). (Barriga, R., Plantas útiles de la Amazonia Peruana: características, usos y posibilidades.. 1994)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodFood additivesFruitsNot identifiedN/APeru
    Animal FoodFodderSeedsNot identifiedN/APeru
    Human FoodOilsFruitsNot identifiedN/APeru
    CulturalCosmeticsSeedsNot identifiedN/APeru
  • Elaeis guineensis Jacq.: El fruto se utiliza en medicina popular como vermífugo y tenífugo; el aceite extraído por compresión se utiliza en las dermatosis rebeldes. (García Barriga, H., Flora Medicinal de Colombia. Botánica Médica. 1974)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Medicinal and VeterinaryDigestive systemFruitsNot identifiedN/AColombia
    Medicinal and VeterinarySkin and subcutaneous tissueNot specifiedNot identifiedN/AColombia
  • Elaeis guineensis Jacq.: Elaeis guineensis Jacq. Español: Palma africana, Palma aceitera, Palma Usos: Construcción — Ocasionalmente las hojas son utilizadas en los techos de las viviendas. Alimenticio — Ocasionalmente los frutos maduros son consumidos cocidos; se produce aceite del mesocarpio de los frutos. Para venta — Ocasionalmente el aceite de los frutos es comercializado. Comunidad: 1, 7, 9, 12, 14–16, 18–24, 26, 27, 30. Voucher: sin muestra colectada. (Balslev, H., C. Grandez, et al., Useful palms (Arecaceae) near Iquitos, Peruvian Amazon. 2008)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafNot identifiedN/APeru
    Human FoodOilsFruitsNot identifiedN/APeru
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/APeru
  • Elaeis guineensis Jacq.: La palma oleífera más productiva es originaria de África y ha sido importada a Colombia (...). (Pérez-Arbeláez, E., Plantas útiles de Colombia. 1956)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodOilsFruitsNot identifiedN/AColombia
  • Elaeis guineensis Jacq.: Oil extraction from fruits ( Elaeis guineensis, Jessenia bataua, Oenocarpus mapora, Attalea sp.) (Balslev, H., and A. Barfod, Ecuadorean palms- an overview. 1987)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodOilsFruitsNot identifiedN/AEcuador
  • Elaeis guineensis Jacq.: Oil from seed. (Vasquez, R., and A.H. Gentry, Use and misuse of forest-harvested fruits in the Iquitos area. 1989)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodOilsSeedsNot identifiedN/APeru

Bibliography

    A. Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador
    B. World Checklist of Arecaceae