Calamus basui Renuka & Vijayak., Rheedea 4: 120 (1994)

Primary tabs

no image available

Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Andaman Is.present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Common in the evergreen forests of Little Andamans (Map. 6). (C. Renuka, A Manual of the Rattans of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 1995)A

Biology And Ecology

  • Flowering not known. Fruiting April - May. (C. Renuka, A Manual of the Rattans of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 1995)A

Common Name

  • Safed beth (C. Renuka, A Manual of the Rattans of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 1995)A

Uses

  • Extensively used in furniture industry. (C. Renuka, A Manual of the Rattans of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 1995)A

Description

  • Clustering, medium diameter rattan. Stem 20 m long, with sheaths 3 cm in diameter, without sheaths 1.5 cm. Leaf 1 m long with vestigial cirrus: sheath dark green, flagellate, spiny, spines to 1 cm long, interspersed with smaller ones: knee prominent; ocrea slightly developed, petiole absent; rachis triangular towards the distal end, spiny towards the base, spines straight, recurved on the adaxial side, leaflets regular, ca. 56 x 4 cm, apical leaflet ca. 19.5 x 2.2 cm, linear lanceolate, tip, margins and midrib ciliate. Inflorescence long flagellate; primary sheaths tightly sheathing, armed with downwardly directed spines to 0.5 cm long; partial inflorescence 27 cm long; secondary sheaths 2 cm long, funnel shaped; rachillae upto 5 cm long, decreasing in length distally; involucre cup-shaped. Fruit ovoid, ca. 1.5 x 1 cm; scales in 15 vertical rows, brown with a dark brown border, deeply channelled in the middle; endosperm ruminate. (C. Renuka, A Manual of the Rattans of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 1995)A

Materials Examined

  • 4th Km Little Andaman, 13.4.1992, fr., Vijayakumaran 6634 (KFRI). (C. Renuka, A Manual of the Rattans of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 1995)A

Bibliography

    A. C. Renuka, A Manual of the Rattans of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 1995
    B. World Checklist of Arecaceae