Calamus marginatus (Blume) Mart. ex Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 3: 491 (1852)

Primary tabs

http://media.e-taxonomy.eu/palmae/photos/palm_tc_29684_2.jpg

Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Borneo present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Philippines present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Sumatera present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Widespread throughout Brunei. A common Bornean rattan, also known from Sumatra and Palawan. (J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Brunei Darussalam. 1997)A

Discussion

  • This is one of the most widespread of Bornean rattans, occurring from sea level to 1,800 m altitude, and also one of the most variable. (J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Brunei Darussalam. 1997)A

Common Name

  • Uwai Pagit (Dus.), Wi Matahari (Ib.) (J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Brunei Darussalam. 1997)A

Etymology

  • Margined (J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Brunei Darussalam. 1997)A

Uses

  • Produces a coarse but durable cane of poor appearance, much used for the frameworks of carrying baskets. (J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Brunei Darussalam. 1997)A

Description

  • Solitary, rarely clustering, moderate to robust rattan climbing to 15 m or more, but frequently flowering when only 3-4 m tall; stem without sheaths to 18 mm diam., with sheaths to 20-35 mm diam., internodes generally rather short, not usually more than 10 cm. Sheaths dull dark green, densely armed with scattered triangular flattened black spines, 3-40 mm (in montane forms spines around the leaf sheath mouth crowded, erect, very long, to 140 mm), black indumentum abundant between the spines; knee grossly swollen; ocrea membranous, to 7 mm, usually obscured by spines. Flagellum to 5 m, heavily armed with reflexed spines. Leaf ecirrate, distinctly curved, to c. 1.5 m including the petiole to 35 cm; petiole strongly channelled on upper surface, armed with regular groups of spines 5-20 mm along the margins, and a central row of spines to 20 mm on the lower surface; leaflets 40-60 on each side of the rachis, curved, very regular, c. 3 cm apart, the longest to 35 × 1.5 cm, leaflet margins slightly but distinctly thickened, unarmed on the upper surface, lower surface with 3-5 main veins armed with close very short bristles, transverse veinlets conspicuous. Inflorescence flagellate, very long, to 5 m or more, bearing up to 5 very distant pendulous partial inflorescences, to 1 m or more long, in male partial inflorescences branching twice to give short dark brown rachillae to 2 cm, bearing dense distichous flowers, in female branching once to give rachillae c. 20 cm long, bearing lax distichous flowers. Mature fruit ovoid, c. 16 × 12 mm, tipped with a beak to 2 mm and covered in 15 vertical rows of reddish-brown scales. Seed to 12 × 8 × 7 mm, deeply pitted; endosperm deeply ruminate. Seedling leaf pinnate with 6 very narrow leaflets held in a fan. (Fig. 68). (J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Brunei Darussalam. 1997)A

Materials Examined

  • District not traced: Jalan Tengah, Stockdale 64. BEL: Bukit Sawat, Sg.Mau- Sg. Belait confluence, Wong 1622; Sukang, Sungai Paleh Bangawong, Kirkup 661; Sungai Liang, Sungei Liang Arboretem, Wong 142. TEM: Amo, Bt.Retak, Wong 790. TUT: Rambai, Tasek Merimbun, Bernstein 338. (J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Brunei Darussalam. 1997)A

Bibliography

    A. J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Brunei Darussalam. 1997
    B. World Checklist of Arecaceae