Butia capitata (Mart.) Becc., Agric. Colon. 10: 504 (1916)

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Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Brazil Northeastpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Brazil Southpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Brazil Southeastpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Brazil West-Centralpresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Uruguaypresent (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Brazil, in the states of Minas Gerais, Paraná, Santa Catarina, and Rio Grando de Sul, in woodlands and campos; and Uruguay, in the department of Rocha in woodlands. (S.F. Glassman, Re-evaluation of the Genus Butia With a Description of a New Species. 1979)A


  • Trees 3-5 m tall, 40-50 cm in diam.; complete sheathing leaf base not seen, petiole 70-88 cm long; 4-7 cm wide at base, margins mostly armed with fairly short teeth on upper portion, coarsely spiny on lower part and adjacent sheathing base, spines 8-11 cm long; rachis of leaf 150-183 cm long; pinnae 63-80 on each side, regularly arranged, middle ones 60-75 cm long, 1.5-2.5 cm, with oblique, asymmetrical tips; expanded part of spathe 80-100 cm long, 7.0-8.5 cm wide, smooth or striate, more or less glaucous, becoming eglaucous with age; bran~hed part of spadix 85-94 cm long, rachIllae 50-60, 62-69 cm long; pistil. late flowers rounded or ovoid, 4-8 mm long, 4-6 mm in diam.; lower staminate flowers 7-10 mm long, those above 4-7 mm long; mature fruit orange, with soft mesocarp when ripe, ovoid, 1.8-2.6 cm long, 1.5-2.2 cm in diam., with short beak, persistent perianth 0.4-0.6 cm high, locules 1-3, seed ovoid or triangu. lar, 1.8-2.4 cm long, 1.0-1.4, cm in diam. (S.F. Glassman, Re-evaluation of the Genus Butia With a Description of a New Species. 1979)A

Materials Examined

  • BRAZIL. MINAS GERAIS: campis, Martius s.n. (M, lectotype-two spadix parts); Minas Gerais, Martius s.n. (M, leaf and spathe parts); PARANA: Tamandare, in campo, G. Jonson 985a (F, G, K, NY, S); SANTA CATARINA: Sombrio, in campo, P. R. Reitz 2965 (G); RIO GRANDE DO SUL: Glaziou 8047 (C, K); Glaziou 9334 (FI). URUGUAY. ROCHA: Castillos, Herter 346B (F, G, GH). CULTIVATED. ARGENTINA: Tucuman, Venturi 5594 (US). URUGUAY: Montevideo, Herter 346a (F, G, GH, LE, NY, S) . BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro, Glaziou 9334 (C, LE), 16481 (C, G, K, LE), 20535 (C, K), Dahlgren & Millar s.n. (F-611648). UNITED STATES: Fairchild Tropical Garden, Coral Gables, Florida, Glassman 8766 (CHI); Gotha, Florida, Nehrling's place, Bailey 13122 (BR, lectotype of Butia nehrlingiana); Pasadena, California, Mrs. Danforth's home, Bailey 389 (BH, holotype of Butia capitata var. strictior). (S.F. Glassman, Re-evaluation of the Genus Butia With a Description of a New Species. 1979)A