Butia capitata (Mart.) Becc., Agric. Colon. 10: 504 (1916)

Primary tabs

http://media.e-taxonomy.eu/palmae/photos/palm_tc_28149_1.jpg

Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
Brazil Northeast present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Brazil South present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Brazil Southeast present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Brazil West-Central present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Uruguay present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Brazil, in the states of Minas Gerais, Paraná, Santa Catarina, and Rio Grando de Sul, in woodlands and campos; and Uruguay, in the department of Rocha in woodlands. (S.F. Glassman, Re-evaluation of the Genus Butia With a Description of a New Species. 1979)A

Common Name

  • Cabeçudo, guariroba do campo. (S.F. Glassman, Re-evaluation of the Genus Butia With a Description of a New Species. 1979)A

Description

  • Trees 3-5 m tall, 40-50 cm in diam.; complete sheathing leaf base not seen, petiole 70-88 cm long; 4-7 cm wide at base, margins mostly armed with fairly short teeth on upper portion, coarsely spiny on lower part and adjacent sheathing base, spines 8-11 cm long; rachis of leaf 150-183 cm long; pinnae 63-80 on each side, regularly arranged, middle ones 60-75 cm long, 1.5-2.5 cm, with oblique, asymmetrical tips; expanded part of spathe 80-100 cm long, 7.0-8.5 cm wide, smooth or striate, more or less glaucous, becoming eglaucous with age; bran~hed part of spadix 85-94 cm long, rachIllae 50-60, 62-69 cm long; pistil. late flowers rounded or ovoid, 4-8 mm long, 4-6 mm in diam.; lower staminate flowers 7-10 mm long, those above 4-7 mm long; mature fruit orange, with soft mesocarp when ripe, ovoid, 1.8-2.6 cm long, 1.5-2.2 cm in diam., with short beak, persistent perianth 0.4-0.6 cm high, locules 1-3, seed ovoid or triangu. lar, 1.8-2.4 cm long, 1.0-1.4, cm in diam. (S.F. Glassman, Re-evaluation of the Genus Butia With a Description of a New Species. 1979)A

Materials Examined

  • BRAZIL. MINAS GERAIS: campis, Martius s.n. (M, lectotype-two spadix parts); Minas Gerais, Martius s.n. (M, leaf and spathe parts); PARANA: Tamandare, in campo, G. Jonson 985a (F, G, K, NY, S); SANTA CATARINA: Sombrio, in campo, P. R. Reitz 2965 (G); RIO GRANDE DO SUL: Glaziou 8047 (C, K); Glaziou 9334 (FI). URUGUAY. ROCHA: Castillos, Herter 346B (F, G, GH). CULTIVATED. ARGENTINA: Tucuman, Venturi 5594 (US). URUGUAY: Montevideo, Herter 346a (F, G, GH, LE, NY, S) . BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro, Glaziou 9334 (C, LE), 16481 (C, G, K, LE), 20535 (C, K), Dahlgren & Millar s.n. (F-611648). UNITED STATES: Fairchild Tropical Garden, Coral Gables, Florida, Glassman 8766 (CHI); Gotha, Florida, Nehrling's place, Bailey 13122 (BR, lectotype of Butia nehrlingiana); Pasadena, California, Mrs. Danforth's home, Bailey 389 (BH, holotype of Butia capitata var. strictior). (S.F. Glassman, Re-evaluation of the Genus Butia With a Description of a New Species. 1979)A

Bibliography

    A. S.F. Glassman, Re-evaluation of the Genus Butia With a Description of a New Species. 1979
    B. World Checklist of Arecaceae