Calamus prasinus Lakshmana & Renuka, J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 14: 705 (1991)

Primary tabs

no image available

Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/tdwg/geogrphy.html)
India present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Evergreen forests at about 530 m. Mangalore Forest Division and Sampaje (Fig. 5). (C. Renuka, Rattans of the Western Ghats. A Taxonomic Manual.. 1992)A

Biology And Ecology

  • Flowering November-December. Fruiting May-June. (C. Renuka, Rattans of the Western Ghats. A Taxonomic Manual.. 1992)A

Common Name

  • Kannada: Ontibetha (C. Renuka, Rattans of the Western Ghats. A Taxonomic Manual.. 1992)A

Uses

  • A good quality cane, used in furniture industry. (C. Renuka, Rattans of the Western Ghats. A Taxonomic Manual.. 1992)A

Description

  • Solitary, high climbing canes. Stems with sheaths to 3 cm in diameter, without sheaths to 1.2 cm. Sheath pale green, densely armed with spines to 1 cm long-, knee conspicuous. Leaf ecirrate, to 2.5 m long including the petiole; petiole to 30 cm long, biconvex, armed with small prickles, underneath with recurved spines; rachis triangular, underneath with recurved spines, petiole and rachis when cut exudes milky latex; leaflets ca 50 x 2.5 cm, terminal pair united basally, shiny green, underneath with shallow linear pits when fresh, 3- veined, veins ciliate on the upper half, lateral veins ciliate above, midvein ciliate beneath, cilia upto 1 cm long. Inflorescence long, pendulous; primary sheath tightly sheathing, two-keeled, tip lacerate, spiny; partial inflorescence to 18 cm long; secondary sheath unarmed , tubular, tightly sheathing; rachillae to 5 cm long, arched and recurved, arising from just above the mouth of the sheath; involucrophorum stalked, to 3 mm long, attached above the mouth of the sheath; involucre disc shaped. Fruit globose. Scales in 26 rows, deeply channeled along the middle, yellow, shiny, bright green when young. Endosperm ruminate. (C. Renuka, Rattans of the Western Ghats. A Taxonomic Manual.. 1992)A

Materials Examined

  • Sampaje, 20.5.88, fr, Renuka 4082 (KFRI); Magunde, 17.3.89, fr.,Renuka 4092 (KFRI). (C. Renuka, Rattans of the Western Ghats. A Taxonomic Manual.. 1992)A

Bibliography

    A. C. Renuka, Rattans of the Western Ghats. A Taxonomic Manual.. 1992
    B. World Checklist of Arecaceae