Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod, Opera Bot. 105: 46 (1991)

Primary tabs

http://media.e-taxonomy.eu/palmae/photos/palm_tc_12686_6.jpg

Distribution

Map uses TDWG level 3 distributions (https://github.com/tdwg/wgsrpd)
Brazil North present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Ecuador present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
Peru present (World Checklist of Arecaceae)B
W part of the Amazon basin in Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil, on terra firme and on periodically inundated river banks. (Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador)A

Description

  • Stem solitary, to 10 m tall, ca. 20 cm in diameter. Leaves to 6 m long, sometimes with the axis twisting and the distal part of leaf blade held in a vertical position; sheaths with numerous dark-brown fibres at their margins; leaf axis with numerous black scales, especially below; pinnae 90-120 on each side, regularly arranged in one plane, the central ones to 1 m long, 4-6 cm wide. Male inflorescence pendulous, to 2 m long, yellowish brown. Female inflorescence compact, ca. 25 cm long, cream coloured at anthesis. Infructescence 30-45 cm in diameter, borne on a 20-30 cm long peduncle; fruits 30-50 per infructescence, brown. (Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador)A

Use Record

  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: Alimentación humana. Fruto. (Rios, M., and J. Caballero 1997: Las plantas en la alimentación de la comunidad Ahuano, Amazonía ecuatoriana)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodBeveragesFruitsIndigenousQuichuaEcuador
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.Hend.) Barfod Español: Piassaba, Chipati. Urarina: Accuedé Usos: Construcción — Ocasionalmente el tronco es utilizado para los postes (horcones) de las viviendas, y para las vigas del techo y los pisos; las hojas son utilizadas para el techado de las viviendas permanentes y temporales, poco frecuente para cocinas, y en algunos casos son colocadas solamente en los bordes o utilizadas para cubrir la cumba del techo (cumberas). Herramientas y utensilios — Las hojas tiernas son utilizadas en canastos de rápida fabricación que son elaborados para el traslado de frutos o animales muertos desde el bosque; las fibras extraídas de la base de las hojas son utilizadas localmente para la fabricación de escobas; las hojas son también utilizadas para la fabricación del “capillejo” y el “cargajo” (material para empujar los dardos en las cerbatanas), utensilios empleados en la cacería; las venas principales de las pinnas – debidamente liberados de sus laminas – son utilizados para extraer las larvas que se desarrollan en los troncos de otras especies. Alimenticio — Los frutos maduros son recolectados y consumidos cocidos, también son utilizados para la elaboración de bebidas; las semillas inmaduras son consumidas; ocasionalmente el palmito es extraído para ser consumido crudo o cocido. Para venta — Las fibras obtenidas de la base de las hojas son ampliamente comercializadas. Comunidad: 1–6, 10, 12, 14, 15, 19, 20, 23, 27–30. Voucher: H. Balslev 7434. (Balslev, H., C. Grandez, et al. 2008: Useful palms (Arecaceae) near Iquitos, Peruvian Amazon)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticSpear leafNot identifiedN/APeru
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticLeaf sheathNot identifiedN/APeru
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafNot identifiedN/APeru
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartNot identifiedN/APeru
    ConstructionHousesStemNot identifiedN/APeru
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingEntire leafNot identifiedN/APeru
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/APeru
    Human FoodFoodSeedsNot identifiedN/APeru
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingLeaf rachisNot identifiedN/APeru
    Human FoodBeveragesFruitsNot identifiedN/APeru
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: Aphandra natalia (Balslev & An. Hend.) Barfod Vernacular names: Wamowe (adult), wamoma (leaves), wamomo, wamunca (fruits). No voucher was taken. Uses. CO: The weaved pinnae of the leaves are used for thatch. D: Fibres from the leaf base are used to make brooms. Leaves are used for improvised beds and seats in the forest. E: The endosperm is edible when immature in a liquid or jelly-like state. The mesocarp is also edible. (Macía, M.J. 2004: Multiplicity in palm uses by the Huaorani of Amazonian Ecuador)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafIndigenousHuaoraniEcuador
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousHuaoraniEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticLeaf sheathIndigenousHuaoraniEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticEntire leafIndigenousHuaoraniEcuador
    Human FoodFoodSeedsIndigenousHuaoraniEcuador
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: De las bases de las hojas se obtienen fibras utilizadas en la fabricación de escobas. (Mejía, K. 1992: Las palmeras en los mercados de Iquitos)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticLeaf sheathNot identifiedN/APeru
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: Denominada en quichua como chili muyu, las fibras que salen del peciolo se utilizan para hacer escobas. (...). Se toma el agua de los frutos para calmar la sed cuando se ha caminado por mucho tiempo en el bosque y no se tiene agua. (Ponce, M. 1992: Etnobotánica de palmas de Jatun Sacha)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticPetioleIndigenousQuichuaEcuador
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousQuichuaEcuador
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: Doméstico. Comestible. La fibra (Huamongo) que crece cerca de las hojas y en el tallo, se utiliza como escoba para limpiar las casas. Los frutos (Huamonka) son comestibles. (Mondragón, M.L., and R. Smith 1997: Bete Quiwiguimamo. Salvando el bosque para vivir sano)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousHuaoraniEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticLeaf sheathIndigenousHuaoraniEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticStemIndigenousHuaoraniEcuador
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: El fruto es comestible y lo consumen colonos e indígenas de las provincias de Morona-Santiago y Pastaza. (…). Los Huaorani fabrican de los troncos cintas ceremoniales y dardos. También se cosechan las larvas (chontacuro) que crecen en la palma y son comestibles. De las hojas se extraen varios productos como el palmito y el raquis se utiliza como parte de la estructura de techos y para hacer canastos. (…). El palmito y la semilla inmadura ( endospermo) son comestibles. (…) El producto principal de esta palma es la fibra que se utiliza para la fabricación de escobas y tiene una gran demanda en todo el país. (…). Frutos tiernos. Alimentación. Venta de frutos y aceite en los mercados. Semillas. Elaboración de artesanía: botones, collares y esculturas (es simillar a la tagua). Las artesanías se pueden vender. Hojas. Eventualmente se usa la hoja para techos. Fibras. Extracción de fibra. Venta de la fibra en el mercado. (Gomez, D., L. Lebrun, N. Paymal, and A. Soldi 1996: Palmas útiles en la provincia de Pastaza. Amazonia ecuatoriana. Manual práctico)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodBeveragesSeedsIndigenousNot specifiedEcuador
    CulturalPersonal adornmentSeedsIndigenousNot specifiedEcuador
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousNot specifiedEcuador
    Human FoodOilsFruitsIndigenousNot specifiedEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingStemIndigenousHuaoraniEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticSeedsIndigenousNot specifiedEcuador
    CulturalRitualStemIndigenousHuaoraniEcuador
    OtherN/AStemIndigenousHuaoraniEcuador
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousNot specifiedEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticLeaf rachisIndigenousNot specifiedEcuador
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: Fibres are used for fire-starters, torches, and "blowgun-bore cleaners"; the leaf rachis is used for ceremonial head bands and darts; baskets are made from the leaves. (Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    CulturalRitualLeaf rachisIndigenousHuaoraniEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingLeaf sheathIndigenousHuaoraniEcuador
    FuelFire starterLeaf sheathIndigenousHuaoraniEcuador
    FuelFire starterLeaf sheathIndigenousHuaoraniEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticLeaf sheathIndigenousHuaoraniEcuador
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: Fruits and palm heart are edible. Edible larvae (Rhynchophorus palmarum) extracted from decaying trunks. Leaf-base/petiole fibres used for making brooms. Seeds used for handicraft. Leaves used for thatch. (Báez, S. 1998: Dictionary of plants used by the Canelos-Quichua)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafIndigenousQuichuaEcuador
    OtherN/AStemIndigenousQuichuaEcuador
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousQuichuaEcuador
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartIndigenousQuichuaEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticPetioleIndigenousQuichuaEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticPetioleIndigenousQuichuaEcuador
    OtherN/ASeedsIndigenousQuichuaEcuador
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: Heart (1); fruits (1) (Byg, A. and H. Balslev 2004: Factors affecting local knowledge of palms in Nangaritza valley, Southeastern Ecuador)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/AEcuador
    Human FoodBeveragesPalm heartNot identifiedN/AEcuador
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: In Ecuador it is exploited commercially for its leaf sheath and petiole fibers, used for brooms, and to a minor degree for its edible fruit mesocarp. (Borgtoft, H. 1992: Uses and management of Aphandra natalia (Palmae) in Ecuador)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticLeaf sheathNot identifiedN/AEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticPetioleNot identifiedN/AEcuador
    EnvironmentalAgroforestryEntire plantNot identifiedN/AEcuador
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/AEcuador
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: In our study area the most common use of Aphandra was collecting its edible fruits (personal observation), which in other species has been shown to reduce recruitment (Hall and Bawa, 1993). Furthermore, harvesting of Aphandra leaves for thatch or fibres was destructive in the Pastaza– Urituyacu area, involving the killing of the harvested individuals (personal observation). (Boll, T., J.C. Svenning, J. Vormisto et al. 2005: Spatial distribution and environmental preferences of the piassaba palm Aphandra natalia (Arecaceae) along the Pastaza and Urituyacu rivers in Peru)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafNot identifiedN/APeru
    OtherN/ALeaf sheathNot identifiedN/APeru
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/APeru
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: Los vegetales que se emplean en la alimentación, además provienen de la recolección de frutos silvestres durante todo el año; así en los primero meses hasta marzo, se recoge: (…), usahua (fruto de la palmera espinosa), (…), sili-muyu ( palmera), (…). Se pueden encontrar en cualquier época chunta-caspi-muyu, palmitos de chapaja, chambira, ushuahua, ungurahua, patihua, (…), paihua (frutos tiernos o maduros de palmera), (…). Desde mediados y hasta finales de año pueden recolectar: ungurahua-muyu, morete-muyu (…). (…). Entre los artefactos de caza, la bodoquera, elaborada con chonta y cuyaiyura y los dardos de nayoa ( palma similar a la chonta), shiguacara y ungurahua. Ungurahua-muyu. (…). Jessenia bataua. Fruto. Diarrea con sangre. Con los frutos lavados y pelados se hace cocción concentrada. Se toma en ayunas. (Iglesias, G. 1989: Sacha Jambi- El uso de las plantas en la medicina tradicional de los Quichuas del Napo)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousQuichuaEcuador
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: People extract the leaf-sheath and petiole fibers to use as broom bristles. (...). Although people exploit the edible fruit mesocarp, the main draw to Aphandra natalia comes from the commercial use of its leaf-sheath and petiole fiber. (Mayer, W. 2006: THE PIASSABA PALM: CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE BUFFER ZONE OF PERU’S CORDILLERA AZUL NATIONAL PARK)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    EnvironmentalAgroforestryEntire plantIndigenousNot specifiedPeru
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticPetioleIndigenousNot specifiedPeru
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticLeaf sheathIndigenousNot specifiedPeru
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousNot specifiedPeru
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: Produce una fibra usada para cepillos y escobas, las hojas se usan para techar casas y las semillas son comestibles. (Vásquez, M., and J. B. Vásquez 1998: La extraccíon de productos forestales diferentes de la madera en el ambito de Iquitos-Perú)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafNot identifiedN/APeru
    Human FoodFoodSeedsNot identifiedN/APeru
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticLeaf sheathNot identifiedN/APeru
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: Se extrae la tagua y una fibra para escobas, que los shuar no solían usar. (Mundo Shuar 1977: Las plantas)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Utensils and ToolsOtherSeedsIndigenousShuarEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticLeaf sheathIndigenousShuarEcuador
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: Semilla, endospermo. Fresco. (Mendoza, P. 1994: Identificación de los frutos comestibles silvestres recolectados por los indígenas Huaorani de la comunidad de Toñiampari en la Amazonía del Ecuador)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodFoodSeedsIndigenousHuaoraniEcuador
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: The main economic product from Aphandra natalia is its fibers, which are used to produce the majority of Ecuadorian brooms. In earlier times, (…), they were used to make rope for tying up cattle; (…). The fibers are produced from the leaf sheath and the leaf petioles and they can only be harvested by cutting the leaves. (…). Fibers are sold through local merchants to broom producing factories in various parts of Ecuador. (…). Aphandra natalia is ocasionally cultivated in agroforestry systems, a practice which seems to be increasin and which has been observed among indigenous people ( Quichua, Achuar, and Shuar) as well as among colonist.(…). Spear Leaf. Protective sheath for blowgun darts. Leaf. Thatch. Leaf Rachis. Blowgun darts. Palm heart. Edible. Larvae. Edible larvae of Rhynchophorus palmarum extracted from the distal part of decaying trunks. Mesocarp. Edible, marketd locally. Game atraction. Endosperm. Edible when inmature and liquid to jelly-like. Potential source of "vegetalbe ivory" when mature and hard. Male inflorescence. Cattle fodder. (Borgtoft, H. 1992: Uses and management of Aphandra natalia (Palmae) in Ecuador)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    EnvironmentalAgroforestryEntire plantIndigenousShuarEcuador
    Human FoodFoodPalm heartNot identifiedN/AEcuador
    Animal FoodFodderInflorescenceNot identifiedN/AEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingLeaf rachisIndigenousAchuarEcuador
    EnvironmentalAgroforestryEntire plantIndigenousAchuarEcuador
    OtherN/AStemNot identifiedN/AEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticLeaf sheathIndigenousQuichuaEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingSpear leafIndigenousQuichuaEcuador
    Human FoodFoodSeedsNot identifiedN/AEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingSpear leafIndigenousAchuarEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticPetioleIndigenousQuichuaEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsRopePetioleNot identifiedN/AEcuador
    EnvironmentalAgroforestryEntire plantColonoN/AEcuador
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafNot identifiedN/AEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingSpear leafIndigenousShuarEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingLeaf rachisIndigenousQuichuaEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticLeaf sheathIndigenousAchuarEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsRopeLeaf sheathNot identifiedN/AEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticPetioleIndigenousAchuarEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingLeaf rachisIndigenousShuarEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsOtherSeedsNot identifiedN/AEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticLeaf sheathIndigenousShuarEcuador
    Human FoodFoodFruitsNot identifiedN/AEcuador
    EnvironmentalAgroforestryEntire plantIndigenousQuichuaEcuador
    Animal FoodWildlife attractantFruitsNot identifiedN/AEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticPetioleIndigenousShuarEcuador
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: The Shuar thatch houses with TINTÚK leaves. They make brooms from fibers borne on the petiole. A cottage broom industry is based in Sucúa. The heart and fruits are edible. Fruits are sold for 50 sucres each. (Bennett, B.C., M.A. Baker, and P. Gómez-Andrade 2002: Ethnobotany of the Shuar of Eastern Ecuador)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    Human FoodBeveragesPalm heartIndigenousShuarEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsDomesticPetioleIndigenousShuarEcuador
    Human FoodFoodFruitsIndigenousShuarEcuador
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafIndigenousShuarEcuador
  • Aphandra natalia (Balslev & A.J.Hend.) Barfod: WASHIM (Barbacoa). Para construir la barbacoa se utilizan tiras de distintos materiales: toquilla, terén, tintiuk´,etc. (…). TUNTA-TSENTSAK (Aljaba-flecha). En la aljaba se pone una almohadilla, que mantiene las flechas ajustadas. Se fabrica con hojas de tintiúk kumpa, utilizando las más tiernas de la punta y quitándoles la parte dura.(…). Las flechas se fabrican con distintos materiales, según los lugares (guadúa, tintiuk, etc.). (Bianchi, C. 1982: Artesanías y técnicas Shuar)
    Use CategoryUse Sub CategoryPlant PartHuman GroupEthnic GroupCountry
    ConstructionThatchEntire leafIndigenousShuarEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingLeaf sheathIndigenousShuarEcuador
    Utensils and ToolsHunting and fishingNot specifiedIndigenousShuarEcuador
  • Ammandra natalia Balslev & A.J.Hend.: The palm heart, inmature endosperm, and inmature mesocarp are eaten by local people. The most important part of the palm is the fibers from the leaf sheath and petiole. Collection of these fibers was observed near Mendez and Puyo, where local industries used them for broom manufacture, (…). (Balslev, H., and A. Henderson 1987: A New Ammandra ( Palmae) from Ecuador (as Ammandra natalia Balslev & A.J.Hend.))

Bibliography

    A. Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador
    B. World Checklist of Arecaceae