Daemonorops pumila Van Valk., Blumea 40: 465 (1995)

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Recorded for East Kalimantan. (Dransfield, J. & Patel, M. 2005: Rattans of Borneo, an interactive key.)A


  • Endangered. (Dransfield, J. & Patel, M. 2005: Rattans of Borneo, an interactive key.)A


  • Habit - Climbing; stems clustering; not branching in the forest canopy; not dying after flowering. Plants dioecious.
    Leaf-sheath - Stem and sheath together 1.35-1.65 cm; flagellum absent; knee absent. Sheath surface lacking small horizontal ridges; without hairs or minute spines; greenish-brown; scales on surface lacking. Leaf sheath with abundant spines; spines persistent; randomly orientated; of different sizes; the larger spines laminar; the longest, excluding those at the mouth of the sheath 1-3cm. Spines straight; in life black; with smooth margins; the bases not swollen or crescent-like. Spines mostly grouped; where grouped together irregularly arranged, or arranged in partial whorls or combs. Spines around the leaf sheath mouth much longer than on the rest of the sheath. Ocrea - Absent. Leaf-stalk - Present, usually greater than 3cm; armed; irregularly. Large well-defined auricles absent; blotches on petiole absent. Leaves - Cirrate; rachis armed; not hairy. Undersurface of newly emerged leaflets same as upper surface. Scales absent from leaflet surfaces. Leaflets sessile; 11 to 39 on each side of rachis; regularly spaced and parallel; held in a single plane; lanceolate; the leaflet tip acute. Longest leaflet 24.3-29.7 cm; not exceeding 2cm wide; with bristles abaxially only, (few or none above); the margins with no or very few bristles. Short, dark or dark-tipped up to 5mm long. Leaflets scarcely plicate; the veins not radiating; midrib not raised and prominent. Lowermost leaflets not reflexed across the stem. Apical leaflets not or scarcely joined; not less than 4 cm long.
    Inflorescence - Inflorescence axis erect along the axis, without clawed spines on the primary bracts; not rooting at its tip; much shorter than the leaves; the first bract not enclosing the inflorescences at anthesis. Partial inflorescence present; bracts at the base of the partial inflorescences split to the base and falling off before the flowers open. Rachilla lacking an enclosing bract; not at all pressed against the subtending bract. Flowers arranged in two rows. Female rachillae not congested; without conspicuously stalked flower cups. Bracts on the rachillae not net-like. (Dransfield, J. & Patel, M. 2005: Rattans of Borneo, an interactive key.)A


  • A slender species with sheaths armed with large horizontal spines, regularly arranged leaflets and small inflorescences. (Dransfield, J. & Patel, M. 2005: Rattans of Borneo, an interactive key.)A


    A. Dransfield, J. & Patel, M. 2005: Rattans of Borneo, an interactive key.